SEC now allows conversion to one-person firm

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THE Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is now allowing companies to apply for conversion from an ordinary stock corporation to a one person corporation, and vice versa.

The regulator signed Memorandum Circular No. 27 on Aug. 25, which outlines the guidelines to convert to either ordinary stock or one person corporation. It was posted on the SEC website on Wednesday.

The circular puts into action Republic Act No. 11232 or the Revised Corporation Code of the Philippines, which was enacted last year to allow the creation of one person corporations and encourage company formation in the country.

Based on the guidelines, an ordinary stock corporation whose outstanding capital stocks are all held by a single stockholder may apply for conversion into a one person corporation.

In doing so, the articles of incorporation of the company will be amended, and all its outstanding liabilities will fall under the single stockholder. The company may retain its SEC registration number with an “OPC” suffix to indicate its one-person nature.

On the other hand, when the shares in a one person corporation is no longer held by a single stockholder, it must apply to be an ordinary stock corporation. Its articles of incorporation will be amended and its liabilities will be distributed to all stockholders of the company.

The company’s SEC registration number will be retained, but will lose its “OPC” suffix to indicate it is no longer a one-person firm.

The rules are set to take effect after the circular is published in a newspaper of general circulation, which the SEC intends to do this week.

The regulator has previously said that allowing one-person corporations will open opportunities for entrepreneurs to open a limited liability company. Based on 2018 data from the Department of Trade and Industry, 99.52% of businesses in the Philippines are micro-, small-, and medium-sized enterprises. — Denise A. Valdez

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